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History Unplugged Podcast

  • LSD’s Origins in Nazi Germany Brain-Washing Experiments, the CIA’s MKUltra Program, and the Dawn of the Psychedelic Age

    23 MAG 2024 · LSD has been banned in the United States for decades and became a Schedule 1 Controlled Substance in 1970, but it has experienced a resurgence among Silicon Valley entrepreneurs to overcome mental roadblocks and psychiatrists running tests to use it as a treatment for addiction, PTSD, and other mental illnesses. But what few know is that LSD has its origins in Nazi Germany. The drug was developed in Switzerland in 1943 and quickly acquired and militarized by the Third Reich. The Nazis coopted LSD for their mind control military research—research that the US was desperate to acquire. This research birthed MKUltra, the CIA's notorious brainwashing and psychological torture program during the 1950s and 1960s. Today’s guest is Norman Ohler, author of “https://www.amazon.com/Tripped-Nazi-Germany-Dawn-Psychedelic-ebook/dp/B0CBKFSSBY?crid=1979P7L5O4ZP7&dib=eyJ2IjoiMSJ9.zZ8gsRqD5-2PyfDicoVf7B1Id3HXIunvI_S7-z6Hd51AjowohY6ngES7PNndanIl.3E9ZQURKZKlHEVrdyg8hSIdQalK9TGk7udDDuNOpkLM&dib_tag=se&keywords=Tripped%3A+Nazi+Germany%2C+the+CIA%2C+and+the+Dawn+of+the+Psychedelic+Age&qid=1713800679&s=audible&sprefix=tripped+nazi+germany%2C+the+cia%2C+and+the+dawn+of+the+psychedelic+age%2Caudible%2C156&sr=1-1-catcorr&linkCode=ll1&tag=historyunplug-20&linkId=de40080d9e3e7f59b5322bdc11b8dd6a&language=en_US&ref_=as_li_ss_tl.” We discuss: ·    How the history of LSD is interwoven with that of the Cold War and its arms race, and how the US government’s introduction to LSD through Nazi research influenced much of the federal government’s early attitudes around it ·    How, in addition to LSD’s militarized misconception from the Nazis, there were other areasof US drug policy influenced by the Third Reich for over half a century ·    How psychedelic research was marginalized and stigmatized for so long by prohibition and the War on Drugs, and how high the hurdles remain today for approval of psychedelic medicine, despite the opportunities—rather than dangers—they represent
    43 min. 38 sec.
  • How Duke Ellington and Other Jazzmen Became America’s First Globally Famous Musicians

    21 MAG 2024 · The first globally famous American musicians weren’t part of the 50s rock wave that included Elvis Pressly or Chuck Berry. They were three 3 jazzmen who orchestrated the chords that throb at the soul of twentieth-century America: Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, and Count Basie. While their music is well-known, their background stories aren’t. Duke Ellington was the grandson of slaves whose composing, piano playing, and band leading transcended category. Louis Daniel Armstrong was born in a New Orleans slum so tough it was called The Battlefield and, at age seven, got his first musical instrument, a ten-cent tin horn that drew buyers to his rag-peddling wagon and set him on the road to elevating jazz into a pulsating force for spontaneity and freedom. William James Basie was son of a coachman and laundress who dreamed of escaping every time the traveling carnival swept into town, and who finally engineered his getaway with help from Fats Waller. To explore their stories is today’s guest, Larry Tye, author of “The Jazz Men: How Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, and Count Basie Transformed America.
    42 min. 36 sec.
  • Why America Could Have a Presidential Succession Crisis

    17 MAG 2024 · America has an unmatched record when it comes to the peaceful transfer of power. According to legal scholar Roy E. Brownell II, however, our country is not that far off from a presidential succession crisis. In this preview of an episode of "This American President," hosted by Richard Lim, Brownell covers the history of presidential succession and the flaws in the current system.
    20 min. 32 sec.
  • Dunkirk from the German Perspective

    16 MAG 2024 · The British evacuation from the beaches of the small French port town of Dunkirk is one of the iconic moments of military history. The battle has captured the popular imagination through LIFE magazine photo spreads, the fiction of Ian McEwan and, of course, Christopher Nolan's hugely successful Hollywood blockbuster. But what is the German view of this stunning Allied escape? We are exploring that with today’s guest, Robert Kershaw, author of https://www.amazon.com/D%C3%BCnkirchen-1940-German-View-Dunkirk-ebook/dp/B09VNYWRRM?crid=125CJOYHWHJCC&dib=eyJ2IjoiMSJ9.yKY_CF5yjuQZfffQN5SbvikeXwMTybl81I7VPbzlB8bGjHj071QN20LucGBJIEps.13WU5vWzXXFVgV0sin6ZHfqwM_TJzYLzclALBvH5fos&dib_tag=se&keywords=D%C3%BCnkirchen+1940%3A+The+German+View+of+Dunkirk&qid=1713800607&s=audible&sprefix=d%C3%BCnkirchen+1940+the+german+view+of+dunkirk%2Caudible%2C202&sr=1-1-catcorr&linkCode=ll1&tag=historyunplug-20&linkId=55ccf03c44b0b9151466961766c4d878&language=en_US&ref_=as_li_ss_tl. We look at what went wrong for the Germans at Dunkirk. As supreme military commander, Hitler had seemingly achieved a miracle after the swift capitulation of Holland and Belgium, but with just seven kilometers before the panzers captured Dunkirk – the only port through which the trapped British Expeditionary force might escape – they came to a shuddering stop. Only a detailed interpretation of the German perspective – historically lacking to date – can provide answers as to why. Sponsors Get Exclusive NordVPN deal here → https://nordvpn.com/historyunplugged It’s risk-free with Nord’s 30-day money-back guarantee!"
    39 min. 2 sec.
  • The Global Manhunt For The Confederate Ship That Sunk Union Supply Vessels, From the Caribbean to the South Pacific

    14 MAG 2024 · Naval warfare is an overlooked factor of the Civil War, but it was a vitally important part of overall strategy for North and South, especially from the perspective of the Union, which used naval blockages from the Gulf of Mexico and Mississippi River to deny critical resources to the Confederacy, forcing them the ultimately surrender. But the naval war was about much more than blockages. One Confederate ship managed to harass Union supply lines around the globe and sink dozens of merchant vessels. Its fate was sealed on June 19, 1864, after a fourteen-month chase that culminated in one of the most dramatic naval battles in history. The dreaded Confederate raider Alabama faced the Union warship Kearsarge in an all-or-nothing fight to the death, and the outcome would effectively end the threat of the Confederacy on the high seas. To talk about this story is historian Tom Clavin, author of the new book https://www.amazon.com/Audible-Uttermost-Ends-Earth/dp/B09F4KTX9X?crid=PLWKLGIABJA9&dib=eyJ2IjoiMSJ9.cGiwq-Ydu6T0Ou0owQ1ACYNo98XiTiZiTVid-uUwuXMyaTxTAfBsKdT2Xg_JweRHS7v5BwTJrSNCLaNlhrg2KSSynpXVbPinp2COXXb999ylPLfmgTOXPH2DOWkwWuiY_nlpNnAcxy27otRvLtyNWMzv3foUDqCqYgWP-_sT6pxsGOLYOx7XjRuHqhYd4FDpExX0CvpJUa_1Ydr5FMHPKYcm-5pteAgYvzTZtB0tk5k.BJ_QDukJPP4pQ5KkXqZyc2rxvQMLuYABoeiHWYi3oBw&dib_tag=se&keywords=To+the+Uttermost+Ends+of+the+Earth%3A+The+Epic+Hunt+for+the+South%27s+Most+Feared+Ship%E2%80%95and+the+Greatest+Sea+Battle+of+the+Civil+War.&qid=1713797775&s=books&sprefix=to+the+uttermost+ends+of+the+earth+the+epic+hunt+for+the+south%27s+most+feared+ship+and+the+greatest+sea+battle+of+the+civil+war.%2Cstripbooks%2C132&sr=1-1&linkCode=ll1&tag=historyunplug-20&linkId=e33ca0ace19f6dbd5c7d685fef40a304&language=en_US&ref_=as_li_ss_tl We look at historically overlooked Civil War players, including John Winslow, captain of the USS Kearsarge, as well as Raphael Semmes, captain of the CSS Alabama. Readers will sail aboard the Kearsarge as Winslow embarks for Europe with a set of simple orders from the secretary of the navy: "Travel to the uttermost ends of the earth, if necessary, to find and destroy the Alabama." Winslow pursued Semmes in a spectacular fourteen-month chase over international waters, culminating in what would become the climactic sea battle of the Civil War. Sponsors Get Exclusive NordVPN deal here → https://nordvpn.com/historyunplugged It’s risk-free with Nord’s 30-day money-back guarantee!"
    39 min. 9 sec.
  • Which Statues Should We Take Down? How To Fairly Judge Historical Figures by Today’s Standards

    9 MAG 2024 · In the United States, questions of how we celebrate – or condemn – leaders in the past have never been more contentious. In 2017, a statue of Robert E. Lee was removed – leading to a race riot and terrorist attack. But in 2020, statues of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Christopher Columbus, and even Ulysses S. Grant were defaced or toppled. All of this comes to the question of how we judge the past. When are the morals and ethics of people born centuries earlier excusable for the conditions of their birth, and when are they universally condemnable? What separates a Thomas Jefferson from an Emperor Nero? To discuss this incredibly challenging topic is someone perhaps nobody better qualified: Dr. Victor Davis Hanson. He is an emeritus classics professor and author of books on the Peloponnesian War or assessing the ancient world’s best military leader. He was also awarded the National Humanities Medal in 2007 and was a presidential appointee in 2007–2008 on the American Battle Monuments Commission. We discuss the following: •Times when American’s feared the removal of Jefferson or Theodore Roosevelt statues in 2021 (or their toppling in riots). But we have also celebrated statue removal, such as the removal of Saddam Hussein’s statues after the fall of his regime in 2003 or the removal of Marx/Lenin Statues in Eastern Europe in 1991. What is the difference? •The criteria for a community to remove a statue in a healthy way •How we judge those of the past and determine that some character flaws are due to their times of birth, while other character flaws are universally condemnable – Essentially, what makes a slave-owning Jefferson a product of his time while, say, a Nero, is universally understood as cruel •The dangers of canceling anyone who doesn’t meet our 21st century standards; conversely, the dangers of slavish worship of them •Who deserves more statues today
    39 min. 2 sec.
  • The 160-Minute Race to Save the Titanic

    7 MAG 2024 · One hundred and sixty minutes. That is all the time rescuers would have before the largest ship in the world slipped beneath the icy Atlantic. There was amazing heroism and astounding incompetence against the backdrop of the most advanced ship in history sinking by inches with luminaries from all over the world. It is a story of a network of wireless operators on land and sea who desperately sent messages back and forth across the dark frozen North Atlantic to mount a rescue mission. More than twenty-eight ships would be involved in the rescue of Titanic survivors along with four different countries. At the heart of the rescue are two young Marconi operators, Jack Phillips 25 and Harold Bride 22, tapping furiously and sending electromagnetic waves into the black night as the room they sat in slanted toward the icy depths and not stopping until the bone numbing water was around their ankles. Then they plunged into the water after coordinating the largest rescue operation the maritime world had ever seen and thereby saving 710 people by their efforts. The race to save the largest ship in the world from certain death would reveal both heroes and villains. It would begin at 11:40 PM on April 14, when the iceberg was struck and would end at 2:20 AM April 15, when her lights blinked out and left 1500 people thrashing in 25-degree water. Although the race to save Titanic survivors would stretch on beyond this, most people in the water would die, but the amazing thing is that of the 2229 people, 710 did not and this was the success of the Titanic rescue effort. We see the Titanic as a great tragedy but a third of the people were rescued and the only reason every man, woman, and child did not succumb to the cold depths is due to Jack Phillips and Harold McBride in an insulated telegraph room known as the Silent Room. These two men tapping out CQD and SOS distress codes while the ship took on water at the rate of 400 tons per minute from a three-hundred-foot gash would inaugurate the most extensive rescue operation in maritime history using the cutting-edge technology of the time, wireless. To talk about this race against time is frequent guest Bill Hazelgrove, author of the new bookhttps://www.amazon.com/One-Hundred-Sixty-Minutes-Titanic/dp/1633886972?crid=20E45PS6D9G7G&dib=eyJ2IjoiMSJ9.gbBMrdIoXY1M_Jpg1ZE3M-kMe0dzXlJVHDPCduQWb9pQ-Qrop-LfrXJg_tQHmQbZ.PXf2JethMR-owzPeDN5-_8xuUJi2PdeVYbbajtR-168&dib_tag=se&keywords=One+Hundred+and+Sixty+Minutes%3A+The+Race+to+Save+the+RMS+Titanic.&qid=1713797717&s=books&sprefix=one+hundred+and+sixty+minutes+the+race+to+save+the+rms+titanic.%2Cstripbooks%2C150&sr=1-1&linkCode=ll1&tag=historyunplug-20&linkId=9a16b80820236831db5f683da642839d&language=en_US&ref_=as_li_ss_tl
    49 min. 3 sec.
  • Vikings Went Everywhere in the Middle Ages, From Baghdad to Constantinople to….. Oklahoma?

    2 MAG 2024 · Scandinavia has always been a world apart. For millennia Norwegians, Danes, Finns, and Swedes lived a remote and rugged existence among the fjords and peaks of the land of the midnight sun. But when they finally left their homeland in search of opportunity, these wanderers—including the most famous, the Vikings—would reshape Europe and beyond. Their ingenuity, daring, resiliency, and loyalty to family and community would propel them to the gates of Rome, the steppes of Russia, the courts of Constantinople, and the castles of England and Ireland. But nowhere would they leave a deeper mark than across the Atlantic, where the Vikings’ legacy would become the American Dream. Today’s guest Arthur Herman, author ofhttps://www.amazon.com/Viking-Heart-Scandinavians-Conquered-World/dp/1328595900?crid=2YI5JS6PEYCUR&dib=eyJ2IjoiMSJ9.WVN4Bsx1CSgLaylRgDA_yqLIHy2IM3mIL8mDxgBv_l3bLNRMvHgLgyGvEthJg6PWgOdlsSmAPMYepctCwb6eUIuhyOZNAL8CKtW7jz_qqLOWC2fwCbJWYb3DQghAgprMw1ChWX3hP_jYIQuR4stg6V-1i16hNi6wOtsiZrpQcOrgDE3Kz4gS2OaGKlF6L8b6VThj9lmwFCYrLxiMO_8ZpQRf3Y0hpTGGFU_C5T-d_wc.Zeh3Q2Nxva6BlRSFDwvToaFJFV_YctHa0435AAb-Wtc&dib_tag=se&keywords=The+Viking+Heart&qid=1713797664&sprefix=the+viking+heart%2Caps%2C115&sr=8-1&linkCode=ll1&tag=historyunplug-20&linkId=dee289d3ee102900fc4709482128959f&language=en_US&ref_=as_li_ss_tl, discusses this historical narrative but matches it with cutting-edge archaeological discoveries and DNA research to trace the epic story of this remarkable and diverse people (despite myths of racial purity misappropriated by groups like Nazi ethnographers). He shows how the Scandinavian experience has universal meaning, and how we can still be inspired by their indomitable spirit and the strength of their community bonds, much needed in our deeply polarized society today.
    42 min. 47 sec.
  • The 15-Hour Work Week Was Standard For Nearly All of History. What Happened?

    30 APR 2024 · There’s nothing in human DNA that makes the 40-hour workweek a biological necessity. In fact, for much of human history, 15 hours of work a week was the standard, followed by leisure time with family and fellow tribe members, telling stories, painting, dancing, and everything else. Work was a means to an end, and nothing else. So what happened? Why does work today define who we are? It determines our status, and dictates how, where, and with whom we spend most of our time. It mediates our self-worth and molds our values. But are we hard-wired to work as hard as we do? Did our Stone Age ancestors also live to work and work to live? And what might a world where work plays a far less important role look like? To answer these questions, today’s guest James Suzman, author of https://www.amazon.com/Work-Deep-History-Stone-Robots/dp/0525561757?crid=12I5AS5ANBYV7&dib=eyJ2IjoiMSJ9.Ipmg8rGNojYFhasY5KGUmbAgXTuok-dOVmpP2yMArX-keKT5ZkMQc1y6_0PML5HyuQbXmgBEXNRpzz2dQcTq4Wx6-H3TmY0UzjsYGpaTOh-rMs-no83cs9D5CrGxYKy4TSkSbpqubHxCcX34aVQ5hPZIZRnbnaKeYjD64Q086kdW7DE6nlJBZxHffig008T1uLz41BSlCja6J23yimHusnszLLEPO8KF6hgHF_Mhm6g.ULEPyucNd2tLtHo7UoXlKNftpEpyArcoOT6HlMNPfLc&dib_tag=se&keywords=Work%3A+A+Deep+History%2C+from+the+Stone+Age+to+the+Age+of+Robots&qid=1713797597&sprefix=work+a+deep+history%2C+from+the+stone+age+to+the+age+of+robots%2Caps%2C92&sr=8-1&linkCode=ll1&tag=historyunplug-20&linkId=0eb357651f3266854a048a4647c0ddd6&language=en_US&ref_=as_li_ss_tl charts a grand history of "work" from the origins of life on Earth to our ever more automated present, challenging some of our deepest assumptions about who we are. Drawing insights from anthropology, archaeology, evolutionary biology, zoology, physics, and economics, he shows that while we have evolved to find joy meaning and purpose in work, for most of human history our ancestors worked far less and thought very differently about work than we do now. He demonstrates how our contemporary culture of work has its roots in the agricultural revolution ten thousand years ago. Our sense of what it is to be human was transformed by the transition from foraging to food production, and, later, our migration to cities. Since then, our relationships with one another and with our environments, and even our sense of the passage of time, have not been the same. Arguing that we are in the midst of a similarly transformative point in history, Suzman argues that automation might revolutionize our relationship with work and in doing so usher in a more sustainable and equitable future for our world.
    34 min. 53 sec.
  • Pancho Villa’s 1916 Raid on New Mexico: The Pearl Harbor Bombing of Its Time

    25 APR 2024 · Before 9/11, before Pearl Harbor, another unsuspected foreign attack on the United States shocked the nation and forever altered the course of history. In 1916, Pancho Villa, a guerrilla fighter who commanded an ever-changing force of conscripts in northern Mexico, attached a border town in New Mexico. It was a raid that angered Americans, and President Woodrow Wilson ordered the Punitive Expedition in which the US Army invaded Mexico and defeated General Villa's troops, but failed to capture him. This event may have been the catalyst for America’s entry into World War One and permanently altered U.S.-Mexican border policy. Jeff Guinn, author of the new book "https://www.amazon.com/War-Border-Pershing-American-Invasion-ebook/dp/B08LDV3VXG?crid=1MTLGP2O8T2X7&dib=eyJ2IjoiMSJ9.8dGMGeeQ18oJmlu60XIafiOetVdfxm4QyX8AXvoEcKtk4lBs0cAIv_deEkYHRrrtT5F5iiW_Y0dNKjti8OwpL6EVrFOV1YhGjFUJfQrAVNjb6QhZupelmipuh4_Hx-GjinC5i1cpTswXw7zVryhsIUjuKR1wL64uDQM99YIRbIg-HPSMnhbQ0MBN33u6lkuFlpiOGlZxi9lTm-VPFBWmfMh8OWH0JO3x_mrg4GcINDU.IQSoXFw23J3WnY70yLZde39vbmRzFc-LNFhad6IZVcU&dib_tag=se&keywords=War+on+the+Border&qid=1713797553&sprefix=war+on+the+border%2Caps%2C138&sr=8-1&linkCode=ll1&tag=historyunplug-20&linkId=1e5c7ea6f50e586bd1fdac69440def6f&language=en_US&ref_=as_li_ss_tl," joins us to discuss this critically important event in American history. The “Punitive Expedition” was launched in retaliation under Pershing’s command and brought together the Army, National Guard, and the Texas Rangers—who were little more than organized vigilantes.   The American expedition was the last action by the legendary African-American “Buffalo Soldiers.” It was also the first time the Army used automobiles and trucks, which were of limited value in Mexico, a country with no paved roads or gas stations. Curtiss Jenny airplanes did reconnaissance, another first. One era of warfare was coming to a close as another was beginning. But despite some bloody encounters, the Punitive Expedition eventually withdrew without capturing Villa. Although the bloodshed has ended, the US-Mexico border remains as vexed and volatile an issue as ever. 
    51 min. 3 sec.

For history lovers who listen to podcasts, History Unplugged is the most comprehensive show of its kind. It's the only show that dedicates episodes to both interviewing experts and answering...

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For history lovers who listen to podcasts, History Unplugged is the most comprehensive show of its kind. It's the only show that dedicates episodes to both interviewing experts and answering questions from its audience. First, it features a call-in show where you can ask our resident historian (Scott Rank, PhD) absolutely anything (What was it like to be a Turkish sultan with four wives and twelve concubines? If you were sent back in time, how would you kill Hitler?). Second, it features long-form interviews with best-selling authors who have written about everything. Topics include gruff World War II generals who flew with airmen on bombing raids, a war horse who gained the rank of sergeant, and presidents who gave their best speeches while drunk.
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